Information on Conditions

There are various organisations and charities which provide specialist advice on these conditions which we can link you to.


What is dementia?

Dementia is the progressive loss of the powers of the brain. There are many kinds of dementia but the most common is Alzheimer’s disease.Other kinds of dementia include vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, frontotemporal dementias (including Pick’s disease) and alcohol-related dementias. It is also possible to have more than one type of dementia; for example Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia. What all these diseases have in common is that they damage and kill brain cells, so that the brain cannot work as well as it should.

Mobility problems

Mobility problems come in varied forms.
It can be through a stroke, multiple sclerosis, parkinson’s, dementia or a fall.
Problems can be mild or severe and there are many organizations with help available such as Age Scotland

Parkinson’s disease

Every hour, someone in the UK is told they have Parkinson’s.
Parkinson’s is a progressive neurological condition.
One person in every 500 has Parkinson’s. That’s about 127,000 people in the UK.
Most people who get Parkinson’s are aged 50 or over but younger people can get it too. One in 20 is under the age of 40.
People with Parkinson’s don’t have enough of a chemical called dopamine because some nerve cells in their brain have died.
Without dopamine people can find that their movements become slower so it takes longer to do things.
The loss of nerve cells in the brain causes the symptoms of Parkinson’s to appear.

Parkinsons UK

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a condition of the central nervous system.
In MS, the coating around nerve fibres (called myelin) is damaged, causing a range of symptoms.
Around 100,000 people in the UK have MS. It’s normally diagnosed in people between the ages of 20 and 40, and affects almost three times as many women as men.
Once diagnosed, MS stays with you for life, but treatments and specialists can help you to manage the symptoms.
We don’t know the cause and we haven’t yet found a cure, but research is progressing fast.

Mental health problems

Poor mental health leads to poor life decisions and inhibits our ability to fulfil our potential.

Some Basic Facts

  • It is estimated that the cost of mental health and related conditions is £250 Million/year in the U.K.
  • The World Health Organisation said, by 2020 depression will create the greatest burden of disease worldwide.
  • Scotland is using 40% more anti-depressants per head of population than the rest of the UK.
  • Scotland is now issuing three times more prescriptions with 3.5 million prescriptions issued in 2005.


“It is the need of every single one of us, child or grown-up, to feel wanted, to feel we belong and that we matter to someone else in the world. We all know, from our own experience, that feeling isolated from those around us, alienated from society, makes us sad, even angry.”

Former Children’s Laureate, Michael Morpurgo

Those who have suffered stroke.

What Is A Stroke?

The 2 types of stroke: clot and bleed

Build up of atheroma which can lead to a cerebral thrombosis

A stroke happens when the blood supply to part of the brain is interrupted. As a result brain cells are deprived of the oxygen and nutrients which they need. Some brain cells become damaged and others die.

There are two ways a stroke can happen:

  • When a blood clot blocks one of the arteries which carries blood to the brain. This type of stroke is referred to as an ischaemic stroke
  • As a result of bleeding within or around the brain from a burst blood vessel. This type of stroke is referred to as a haemorrhagic stroke